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Driving Nonspontaneous Processes

Bozeman Science Follow
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  • 9 years ago
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060 - Driving Nonspontaneous Processes

In this video Paul Andersen explains how you can drive non spontaneous processes by adding external energy (like electricity or light) or by coupling it to a spontaneous process (like the conversion of ATP to ADP)

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Music Attribution
Title: String Theory
Artist: Herman Jolly
http://sunsetvalley.bandcamp.com/track/string-theory

All of the images are licensed under creative commons and public domain licensing:
College, OpenStax. English: (a) The Active Site on Actin Is Exposed as Calcium Binds to Troponin. (b) The Myosin Head Is Attracted to Actin, and Myosin Binds Actin at Its Actin-Binding Site, Forming the Cross-Bridge. (c) During the Power Stroke, the Phosphate Generated in the Previous Contraction Cycle Is Released. This Results in the Myosin Head Pivoting toward the Center of the Sarcomere, after Which the Attached ADP and Phosphate Group Are Released. (d) A New Molecule of ATP Attaches to the Myosin Head, Causing the Cross-Bridge to Detach. (e) The Myosin Head Hydrolyzes ATP to ADP and Phosphate, Which Returns the Myosin to the Cocked Position., April 3, 2013. Anatomy & Physiology, Connexions Web site. http://cnx.org/content/col11496/1.6/, Jun 19, 2013. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:1008_Skeletal_Muscle_Contraction.jpg.
"File:Charger.jpg." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed December 29, 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Charger.jpg.
"File:Energizer Reghargeble batteryIMG 0006.JPG." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed December 29, 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Energizer_reghargeble_batteryIMG_0006.JPG.
"File:Leaf 1 Web.jpg." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, December 28, 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Leaf_1_web.jpg&oldid=573724699.
"File:Thylakoid Membrane.png." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed December 29, 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Thylakoid_membrane.png.
Häggström, Mikael. English: Cycle between Autotrophs and Heterotrophs. Autotrophs Can Use Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and Water to Form Oxygen and Complex Organic Compounds, Mainly through the Process of Photosynthesis. All Organisms Can Use Such Compounds to Again Form CO2 and Water through Cellular Respiration., April 22, 2009. Images used: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Auto-and_heterotrophs.png.
User:Mysid. The Chemical Structure of W:adenosine Triphosphate., August 16, 2007. Self-made in bkchem; edited in perl. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:ATP_structure.svg.
Villarreal, LadyofHats Mariana Ruiz. English: Example of Primary Active Transport, Where Energy from Hydrolysis of ATP Is Directly Coupled to the Movement of a Specific Substance across a Membrane Independent of Any Other Species., February 23, 2007. Own work. Image renamed from Image:Sodium-Potassium_pump.svg. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Scheme_sodium-potassium_pump-en.svg.
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